The term �rude boys� originally described the youth gangs that emerged in Kingston right after Jamaica�s emancipation from British rule in 1962. Against a backdrop of growing poverty and post-independence disenchantment, rudies� rebellious bravura, paced by reggae and ska rhythms of Bob Marley and Peter Tosh, became a rallying cry among poor and disenfranchised teenagers. Erv
The mass migration of Jamaicans to the United Kingdom not only further developed this culture of dissent by exporting sound systems, turntables and toasting, but additionally changed British culture by shaping cultural, social and political alliances using the equally riotous white youths from the Mod and, later, punk scenes. The rude boy culture stumbled on define an ethos of self-worth, determination and creativity for a generation of migrants prepared to strike back in a conservative and racist society.
The photographs in their self-published book tell collective and individual stories that cross gender, generational and racial divides. Faithful towards the rude boy-Mod alliance, the ebook displays a portrait of the vintage clothes dealer Dexter de Leadus wearing a two-gun broach he earned for the shoot. �He expresses the first rude boy attitude,� Mr. Elliott said. �He can be a purist. He is rarely photographed as a result of his �don�t mess with me� stance.�
The fashion buyer Alani Adenle, who, in accordance with Mr. Chalkley, �could be a guy on the corner of a street in Kingston, Jamaica, in 1965,� perfectly personifies �the swagger style: an aura, a grace and a strength.� The stylist Cynthia Lawrence-John is photographed with a razor-blade umbrella looking at the camera using a fierce intensity. The guitarist Seye Adelekan, who performed using the rock musician Damon Albarn and also the kora player Toumani Diabat�, wears an uplifting electric blue jacket - and a killer smile